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​​​​​​​D3.3: Functional Program of Requirements for planning and cost​


​​​​​In an ever digitalizing environment the role of software becomes more and more important. Software is used on PC’s and laptops but also many other devices contain software, of course phones and other smart devices but almost any modern device from vacuum cleaner till bread toaster contains software. The development of software therefore is a large and mature business with well-defined processes and development methods. Concerning software development the first thing many people think about is the software coding itself. Although this is of course an essential part it is not the only part in the process. During the past 30 years and after many wonderful software products able of offering great functionality but totally useless for the client it was developed for it was understood requirements management is at least as important as the actual software coding itself. The software development will be executed according to the widely acknowledged Waterfall model. This model exists of a set of process steps that are executed in a sequential order as is shown in the scheme below. ​


Note that the requirements collection and analysis is part of D3.3 and also a global idea of the functional design is part of D3.3. The actual functional design will be worked out in D3.4. 

This deliverable focusses on the requirements for building quality and energy assessments; the document will even go a few steps further by translating these requirements in early functional design documents. We take as much as possible advantage of the already existing software brought in by the consortium partners and enhance it in order to fulfil the needs. This will not only prevent additional costs but it is also easier to make the required enhancements to the software. 

The deliverable is created in conjunction with the deliverable D3.1 which handles the cost-estimation and planning aspects. The body of knowledge in this report is structured as follows: 

  • Following the Introduction chapter, the definition and elaboration of INSITER requirements for software development are described in Chapter 2. The requirements are directly addressing INSITER self-instruction and self-inspection processes as well as practical user aspects of the software. 
  • In Chapter 3, the requirements are clustered in 2 categories: functional, technical and interoperability requirements. The clustered requirements are further analysed and extended with references. 
  • Chapter 4 describes the software functionalities of the components relevant for INSITER and developed and/or used in Task 3.2 / D3.4. Over here a details description can be found from the ‘Defect and quality issue registration tool’ and the new process to use modern stat-of-the-art BIM based energy calculation tools for improving understanding of consequences of deviations found during the inspection process. 
  • As certain software components can be derived from existing software –either open-source, prototype or commercial packages–, a critical review of state-of-the-art software is presented in Chapter 5. For each functionality, conclusions and decisions have been drawn to set a direction for INSITER software development.
  • Software architecture topology and related databases figures are added in chapter 6 to show which functionalities are needed and in what context they will be applied in order to fulfil these requirements. The stakeholders are on one hand the assembly/construction worker that carries out the self-inspections supported with self-instructions, Augmented Reality (AR) and registration facilities for defects and quality issues. On the other hand the project manager monitoring the projects efficiency and risk’s via a KPI dashboard.
  • The software proof-of-concept is subsequently presented in Chapter 7, and the technical plan for the follow-up development in the upcoming deliverable is presented in Chapter 8. 

The analysed and consolidated software requirements can be summarized as follows:  ​​

​​​​​​Functional requirements Technical requirements ​​Interoperability requirements  ​

1. Requirements related to selfinstruction processes  ​

​Workers start their daily work by following project planning and executing assigned activities (as discussed in previous section). Workers benefit from information about construction/assembly activities when to perform (process), how to perform (guidelines and know-how) but also what to perform (product and building specifications).  ​

​The toolset should be able: 

  • ​​​​​to show relevant instructions and information related to the assigned activities. This can be done by web-based application which can be used device independent; 
  • ​​to show available documents on a web page and to offer the possibility to download documents, images and movies that are related to a certain part of the BIM model via the Internet. ​

​The toolset should be able to import product specification (database or BIM), building & design specification (BIM) and related guidelines (database). The tools should also be able to import documents and checklists (mostly related to standard processes). ​

2. Requirements related to selfinspection processes ​

​As described in the Section 2.3 workers use the INSITER toolset to perform inspections by themselves. The toolset will act as a connecting platform for the several elements (instruments, sensors) involved in the several stages (do, check and act). In inspection processes, workers use the toolset to register defects and insert/import readings or measurements. They use the toolset to perform model check and clash detections. In some cases, workers use the toolset to export readings to calculation simulation software to decide on the impact of found deviations on KPIs. The export process may vary from automatically (connection though IT solutions) to manually (self-entry) data export. For this reason, we discuss the evaluation and decision making process separately in Section 2.7.  ​

​The toolset should be able to: 

  • provide workers with the ability to register defects and quality issues; 
  • provide the assembly/construction with the ability to repetitively verify the construction during realization against the design model;
  • visualize the design model on-site including HAVC/MEP systems; 
  • provide augmented reality (web-based application) overlaying the reality on site with (parts of) the design model; 
  • provide workers with drawings and other documents; - provide click features to jump from the design model to the referenced relevant information for a specific part; 
  • provide BIM import facilities for thermal/imaging, acoustic/vibration, 3D laser scanning measurement data enhanced with 3D geometry (overlays for the BIM model) and energy performance data. The measurement instruments have their own native software which is able to provide export files containing the measurement data in a native format;
  • provide software for model checking and clash detection for models stored on the BIM server.  

​Regarding technical and functional requirements, the toolset should support converting and importing files from the applied measurement tools to a database to enhance the elements of the BIM. The toolset should also be able to connect several databases and to provide functionality to set up a dashboard with indicators

​3. General requirements related to the practical use of the tool 

​Workers use the toolset to be informed about daily activities and relevant related information. By doing this, workers can efficiently start and finish their work.  

​The toolset should be able to visualize planning information. Information may be related to activities to do, their duration, involved workers/managers, work conditions and required instruments. The toolset should also be able to apply authorization (user and user groups).  ​​

​The toolset should be able to import planning data from an ERP software (enterprise resource planning). 

4. General requirements regarding evaluation and decision-making processes

​In the evaluation and decision making process, workers get back results from instruments or simulation and calculation software. Results, deviation thresholds and deviation’s impact on KPIs will be shown in the interface. Based on the results, workers make decisions how to deal with deviations. Some cases require consulting managers in the decision making process. Inspection results, findings and decisions get updated in certain databases. All created evaluations results and all accessory decisions and reports will be stored in a certain database or updated to BIM.​

​To support functional requirements, the following technical requirements should be provided by the INSITER toolset: 

  • information related to building performance during the inspection/realization process; 
  • project managers provided with a KPI dashboard for the analysis of measurements data enabling him/her to take the right decisions, and
  • the BIM import facility should be able to import the native files and convert and store it into a database so that it can be used as source data for the KPI dashboard and visualization within the 3D model.  ​

​Regarding technical and functional requirements, the toolset should provide visualization of readings, calculation and simulation results against inspection related thresholds and KPIs. In some cases, depending on the possibility for data exchange with software packages, the toolset may provide automatically import/export data with those packages. This issues will extensively be studied in next steps of T3.2. The toolset should support data update to BIM model including readings, calculation, simulations performance results. By finishing inspection processes, the asdesigned BIM model will be converted to the as-bu​​​​​​


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T his project has received funding from the European Union’s Horizon 2020
research and innovation programme under grant agreement No. 636063.